Psychologists teach you to stay away from “retired” syndrome
The so-called retirement syndrome refers to the negative emotions such as anxiety, depression, sorrow, and fear that occur in the elderly due to the inability to adapt to new social roles, changes in the living environment and lifestyle after retirement, or a behavior that deviates from normal behavior.This kind of adaptive psychological disorder often causes other physical diseases and affects physical health.
Retirement and retirement are a major change in life. As a result, the parties involved will undergo great changes in all aspects of life content, life rhythm, social status, and interpersonal communication.
Because of the inability to adapt to sudden changes in the environment, emotional depression and behaviors that deviate from normal behavior can cause serious illness.
After retirement, the elderly change from the big world of group living to the small world of family, and change from busy to idle, easily making people feel depressed, depressed and depressed.
It can be manifested as restlessness, repetitive behaviors, hesitation in return, and I do not know what to do all day. Some people feel that they have nothing to do, and they also have a serious sense of loss.
Because of inattention, you may often do wrong things; personality changes are obvious, especially irritability and temper tantrums; everything is not satisfactory; some elderly people are also suspicious, and often get irritable when they hear others talk about work, Suspecting that he intentionally stimulated himself and underestimated himself.
People who were very good in the past are sometimes uncharacteristic and cannot objectively evaluate external things. They are often biased.
Most people involved have insomnia, dreaminess, palpitations, and paroxysmal general restlessness.
(1) Adjusting the mentality and conforming to the law. Aging is an objective law that does not change with the will of the person. Retirement is also inevitable.
This is not only the right of the elderly, a social security system granted by the state to the elderly, but also the obligation of the elderly. It is a necessary means to promote the metabolism of the workforce. The elderly must psychologically understand andAccept this fact.
In addition, after retirement, we must eliminate the pessimistic thoughts and negative emotions of “trees with old roots and dry roots” and “people with old pearls and yellow pearls”, strengthen our beautiful convictions, and consider retirement life as the beginning of another brilliant life.Study and live, do something good, learn something, and have fun.
(2) Give full play to returning to society. Retired elderly people who are physically fit, energetic, and skilled can actively look for opportunities to do some work within their ability.
On the one hand, it can make use of its residual heat to continue to contribute to society and realize self-worth; on the other hand, it can make a spiritual commitment to enrich life and improve physical health.
Of course, work must be done within our means. We must not force it. We must strive for practical results and not make a name for ourselves.
(3)善于学习，渴求新知 “活到老，学到老”，正如西汉经学家刘向所说：“少而好学，如日出之阳;壮而好学，如日出之光;老而It ‘s easy to learn, like a candle. ”
On the one hand, learning promotes the use of the brain, making the brain more and more flexible, delaying the decline of intelligence; on the other hand, the elderly must update their knowledge through learning, social changes are surging, and the elderly must avoid learning to become lonely, and strengthen their learningTo establish new ideas and keep up with the times.
(4) Cultivate hobbies and entrust the spirit. Many elderly people had hobbies before retirement, but they were busy with work and had no time to take care of them. After retirement, they can use their leisure time to fully enjoy this fun.
Even if you have no previous hobbies, you should consciously cultivate some after retirement to enrich and enrich your life.
Writing and painting can both cultivate your sentiments and exercise your body. Planting flowers and birds is also a beneficial activity. The language of flowers and flowers is not fun. In addition, dancing, qigong, playing ball, playing chess, fishing and other activities can make participants more intellectual and enjoyable.Physical and mental health.
(5) Expanding social relationships and resolving loneliness. After retirement, the life circle of the elderly has narrowed, but the elderly should not close themselves. They should not only work hard to maintain relationships with old friends, but also actively establish new interpersonal networks.
Good interpersonal relationships can open up the realm of life, resolve loneliness, and increase the interest of life.
In the family, it is also necessary to establish coordinated interpersonal relationships with family members to create a harmonious family atmosphere.
At the same time, it is necessary to develop good dietary hygiene habits, quit bad habits that are harmful to health, and adopt a form of rest, sports and entertainment that is suitable for you, and establish a lifestyle for the purpose of health care.
(7) Necessary medications and psychological treatments: When the elderly suffer from physical discomfort, bad mood, or depressed mood, they should take the initiative to seek help, and avoid taboos and illnesses.
For retired elderly with severe anxiety and insomnia, appropriate medications and psychological treatment can be taken under the guidance of a doctor if necessary.