Reminder of the busiest department in winter vacation
This expert: Chang Li, Chief Physician of Respiratory Medicine, Affiliated Hospital of Capital Washington State University, Chief Physician, Zhong Xuemei, Chief Physician, Yang Suhong, Chief Ophthalmologist, and Physician Hu Jin, Chief dermatologist. Editor’s note: The children have a winter vacation and the Spring Festival is coming.Cold weather, coupled with children’s irregular eating and living habits during the holidays, a variety of high-risk winter diseases followed.”Life Times” reporter interviewed four experts from the Capital Institute of Pediatrics, they reminded their children of winter vacation health.  Respiratory medicine: Wash your hands frequently and don’t gather together. The weather is cold and dry, the temperature difference between day and night is large, various bacteria and viruses are active, and children’s resistance is poor. Therefore, winter is the season when children with respiratory diseases are high.Chang Li, chief physician of the Department of Respiratory Medicine, Capital Institute of Pediatrics, said that during the winter vacation, children who came to the Department of Respiratory Medicine mostly had colds (ie, acute upper respiratory infections), influenza pneumonia, and surgery.  Among them, acute upper respiratory tract infections are mostly caused by viral infections. The main symptoms are acute, such as high fever, headache, pain in the limbs and other accompanying symptoms. You should pay attention to the possibility of influenza, go to the hospital in time, and closely observe the changes in the condition.If your child has persistent fever, cough, shortness of breath, etc., bronchitis, or even the possibility of pneumonia, should be considered, and the patient should be revisited in time.In addition, respiratory infections are a common cause of acute attacks.Therefore, if your child has hypertension, pay special attention to preventing respiratory infections in winter to avoid acute attacks.  Children are generally susceptible to respiratory diseases and therefore focus on prevention.Chang Li recommends that parents first let them develop good hygiene habits, wash their hands frequently, and do it properly.Also pay attention to changing clothes for children in time according to temperature changes.Try not to bring your child to a crowded place with dirty air; wear a mask when you have to go.In addition, we must ensure that children have moderate physical exercise, adequate rest and sleep time, drink plenty of water, eat more fruits and vegetables, and improve immunity.▲ Gastroenterology: Eat less greasy and seafood every winter vacation, and severely increase the number of children seeking medical treatment due to acute inflammation.Zhong Xuemei, chief physician of the Department of Gastroenterology, Capital Institute of Pediatrics said that during the winter holidays and the Spring Festival, eating irregularly, overeating, eating too greasy or cold food, dirty food, and viral infections such as norovirus, rotavirus, etc., areThe primary symptoms that cause acute asthma in children are mainly vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and severe symptoms will cause fever.  Zhong Xuemei reminded that if the child has mild symptoms, only mild diarrhea without fever and vomiting symptoms, he can drink more water, eat semi-liquid food, and take montmorillonite orally, usually 3?Heal in 5 days.If you have frequent vomiting, lack of energy, laziness, oliguria and other dehydration symptoms, you should go to the hospital immediately.In addition, viral infectious diarrhea is common in winter. Parents should not give oral antibiotics to children without authorization. They should go to the hospital to determine the cause before taking medication to prevent the imbalance of the implanted bacterial population caused by antibiotics and aggravate the disease.  Prevention of eating 杭州桑拿 diseases is especially critical.Zhong Xuemei suggested that children should not be indulged in overeating or eating too much oily, seafood and irritating foods because of holidays or holidays.Parents must ensure that their children have a regular diet and balanced nutrition. Raw food must be thoroughly cooked and raw food must be kept separate.  For children with chronic stomach disease, we should pay more attention to their diet and living habits in order to avoid the acute exacerbation of chronic gastritis.If you find that someone around you has symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, you should keep your child as far away as possible from their excreta to prevent the virus from infiltrating the body through the respiratory system and becoming infected with viral diseases.▲ Ophthalmology: Play outdoors away from dangerous objects Before and after the Spring Festival, during 杭州桑拿洗浴会所 the winter vacation, it is the peak of pediatric ophthalmology.Yang Suhong, chief physician of the department of ophthalmology of the Capital Institute of Pediatrics, told reporters that, in addition to taking their children to take optometry, correcting strabismus, amblyopia, and other vision problems during vacations, a large proportion of children are due to infectious conjunctivitis and excessive eye use during holidays.He had vision loss or eye trauma.  Cold weather, significantly reduced outdoor activities, and excessive use of electronic products, children spend most of their time in close eye conditions, increasing visual fatigue.Although the eye conjunctiva has a certain defense ability, when the defense ability weakens or external pathogenic factors increase, it will cause conjunctival tissue destruction.Winter is a period of high incidence of influenza. Children’s immunity is weak when they catch a cold and fever. If they do not pay attention to prevention, rubbing their eyes with hands with bacteria and viruses will infect the eyes and cause acute conjunctivitis. Serious viral infection may also occurInvades the cornea and affects vision.  In addition, most of the northern part of the winter is snow and ice, and the road is slippery, and slipping and stinging are easy to occur when going out; outdoor skiing or skating may also cause eye trauma.  Yang Suhong reminded that during the winter vacation, parents should pay attention to control the time of children’s use of electronic products, and supervise their good eye habits, it is best to take a 10-minute rest every half hour.Monitor screen brightness should be moderate and not too bright.At the same time, let your children take part in outdoor sports to allow their eyes and body to rest and relax, while paying attention to safety and avoiding eye injuries.In diet, pay attention to eat vitamin A and protein foods, such as eggs, dark green vegetables, carrots, milk, lean meat and so on.  In addition, children should pay attention to hand hygiene, wash their hands frequently, and rub their eyes less frequently. Once someone is found to be infected with conjunctivitis, pay attention to prevention and isolation.  In particular, it is necessary to pay attention that when the children are playing together at the party during the Spring Festival, be careful not to let them touch sharp or dangerous objects, keep them away from hot water, hot oil, desiccant, etc. When the fireworks are set off, parents must be present.Stand outside a safe distance to avoid unnecessary eye injuries.▲ Department of Dermatology: Hu Jin, chief physician of the Department of Dermatology, Capital Institute of Pediatrics, said that nearly 50% of the children who came to the dermatology department during the winter vacation were children with eczema, and most of them were infants under 3 years old.Children’s daily life and sleep also bring a lot of distress to parents.There are also some children with rashes caused by viral and bacterial infections. These rashes are usually acute and often accompanied by symptoms of upper respiratory infections such as fever and sore throat. They can also be accompanied by diarrhea and loss of appetite.At the same time, the pediatrics department should be consulted at the same time, and the etiology and complications should be treated.  The cause of eczema and atopic dermatitis is difficult to determine, and there are many factors.Some children are intolerant or allergic to ingestion, absorption or contact.Children with eczema initially have redness and rash on their skin, followed by rough skin, scaling, and touching the child’s skin as if touching the sandpaper.Eczema can be aggravated by heat and moisture.  Eczema is a chronic, recurrent, itchy, ulcerative, and complicated skin disease.Often related to genetic qualities, commonly known as “allergic constitution.”Most children have the characteristics of “light winter and light summer”, which becomes worse when the skin is dry.In terms of treatment, itching and skin care are usually used.In addition to drug treatment, the child’s skin must be moisturized and moisturized. It is recommended to use a mild moisturizer that is not prone to allergies, and take a small amount of time to moisturize the skin and help repair the skin barrier function.Before outdoor activities or going out, you can apply more emollient products to your child, pay attention to moisturizing.At the same time, keep your child sleeping and eating well.In addition, children’s underwear should try to choose soft, loose, breathable cotton fabrics, do not sweat excessively, so as not to stimulate the rash.▲ (Reporter Jiang Yue)